The ABC of Plastics

Plastic is an artificially produced material. It consist of millions of very long, interwoven molecule chains (polymers), that are composed of permanently repeating basic units (monomers).

The advantages of plastic are - amongst others - its low density, good shaping properties, longevity, good electric insulation, heat insulation, low costs and its most outstanding feature is its diversity. The technical properties (e.g.: density, hardness, elasticity, breaking strength, temperature- and heat resistant shape retention, chemical stability, etc.) of plastics can be changed largely by selecting the initial material (monomers), the production process and by mixing in additives and filling materials.

Depending on their molecular structure and the degree of cross-linking between the main chains, plastics are divided into three large groups. Apart from the groups offered by memoplast of thermoplastic material and elastomers to which also the liquid silicones (Liquid-Silicone-Rubber LSR) belong, there is also the group of thermoset material.